This video is of Tim Hawke a Sheep and Dairy grazer from Loburn, North Canterbury Farmer, discussing how he has made and used Bokashi, Fermented Organic Matter, on his farm and the promising results.
In this trial (Valarini, Diaz Alvarez, Gasco, Guerrero, & Tokeshi, 2003) conducted in Madrid, Spain, the Properties of a clay loam soil enriched with organic matter and microorganisms were evaluated under controlled temperature and moisture conditions, over a period of three months.
North Canterbury farmer Tim Hawke discusses the impact of EM has made on his farm and how he uses it
Soil fertility depends on three major interacting components: biological, chemical and physical fertility. This article is going to look at how EM will affect these areas through increasing soil biology, mobilising nutrients and increasing soil humus content and shows supporting trial data.
This Case study looks at the Agrosalgueiro Group in Brazil which has started the use of EM in large scale since 2014. EM is being used to seed treatment, soil treatment, plant treatment and for disease control with great success.
North Canterbury farmer Murray Weaver discusses the impact of EM has made on his farm including soil structure and clover enhancement
This Lucerne block is a great success story for our Farmer, Harry Pawsey, based out of Harwarden in North Canterbury. This story showcases how EM has helped this crop from the drought and back from the brink of failure.
Over the 2015/16 season we conducted another Fodder beet trial in Mid Canterbury looking at EM and a number of variations and their impact on Fodder beet yield. The overall clear results showed that EM significantly increased fresh crop yield.
Dr. Higa is best known for his discovery for EM Technology or Effective Microorganisms. This is a brief profile of his discovery of EM.
The microbes contained in EM have the ability to ferment organic substances. Soil organic matter fermented and decomposed by EM is broken down in the soil and absorbed by plants. Also, EM contains many useful components to promote plant growth. Moreover, in addition to microorganisms, EM contains metabolites produced by various microorganisms and these will activate the microorganisms in the soil.
As in most other farming situations, the applications in Fodder Crops are centered around improving a farms biggest asset - the soil. So the aim for an EM application is to get biological activity cranked up. That means microbial stimulation, effective organic matter recycling, nutrient breakdown and improvements in nitrogen fixation.
We are excited to announce some changes we have made to our product. Following some feedback from our valued customers and the launch of some new products we have made the decision to rebrand a number of your favourite products. The reason for this is simplicity and also how we can best promote the amazing benefits of using EM.
EM Septic Fresh is a natural inoculant designed to inoculate your septic tank with millions of beneficial microbes to enhance the system. Using EM is an environment friendly solution to the problems of odour and contamination from waste disposal. A certified organic product, EM Septic Fresh, works by getting the natural processes to function, the way nature intended.
We are happy to announce that we have developed a brand new product for your garden. Combining the power of EM and a Fish Hydrolysate to give your garden the biological boost and all of the nutrients and trace elements it needs to thrive.
Recently we were up in North Canterbury at a clients place to look at the impact of implementing a biological soil program. He has been using sustainable fertilisers for a number of years and included EM in his program for the past season. It has been a dry 2 seasons but he is now starting to reap the benefits of his soil program as some recent rainfall has shown how quickly the soil can rebound
Northland Farmer Grant Aiken need to boost his biological function so he treated is paddock with our new EM Fert Enhance product and turned into into his best performing paddock.
To meet demand for a biological product that enhances soil but can be used alongside fertiliser and also limit the number of applications on a soil we have developed a new solid product called EM Fert Enhance.
This video looks at a North Canterbury Field Day showing EM Use including Crops and using Organic Matter and converting it into a valuable resource for your soil.
Anaerobic soils can often result in some devastating effects for farmers in New Zealand. EM has a decent track record of helping to restore the natural soil processes and can operate effectively in an anaerobic environment.
This case study looks at Tim and Dinah Hawkes Farm in White Rock North Canterbury and the effect EM has had on their Ewe Hoggets.
We were recently asked to look at the impact EM has on some Viafos Guano and thought it would be a good case study to demonstrate how the microbes in EM can enhance the breakdown of fertiliser granules.
Composting of organic (waste) materials has been around for centuries in various forms in agriculture and has been given the term Black gold for good reason. The negatives to compost come in the form of heavy manual labour and losses in the form of leaching and decomposition. The Bokashi composting method has all of the benefits without any negatives as the materials are fermented
A soil conditioner can be useful for improving soil structure and drainage. It can eliminate unpleasant smells in the home, improve water quality in aquariums and ponds, and accelerate composting. Organic soil inoculants are a type of bacteria that can be added to the soil. A healthy ecosystem will include hundreds of millions of beneficial microorganisms in each teaspoon of soil.
How much time and hard work have you invested in your garden this growing season? As we approach the summer season, don’t let poor soil conditions undo your earlier efforts. Soil health has a direct link to plant health. Plants thrive and fail based on what is available in garden soil.
Mike Daly from EMNZ shows how to expand EM1 in large volumes to make 200L and 1000L of ready to use EM inoculant
We were lucky enough to visit a client on the day he was harvesting his maize crop. This crop is irrigated and was standing well over 10 feet tall with a strong stalk and large cobs.
EMNZ conducted a Visual Soil Assessment (VSA) analysis on a trial plot that had completed a pastoral trial looking at Nitrogen applications with and without EM. Overall we were really happy with the results of this VSA, this is a great indicator of soil quality and has shown EM has a positive impact on the soil ecosystem.
We popped out to see one of our local clients at the beginning of February and were very impressed with the results on maize and fodder beet crops.
Often considered before any of the 3 pillars the use of fertilisers is essential for the world’s ongoing food security. The demands for larger crop yields make using fertilisers a necessity rather than a luxury. It is important however to consider the crops need alongside the effect on your soil when developing a fertiliser program.
Many people are aware of what soil type they are farming on but few consider a soil’s structure, though, even though in most soils, the structure is just as important. Two of the same types of soils can perform very differently depending on their structure. The structure of a soil is one of the most important factors in determining soil health and therefore the productivity of a paddock.
Soil biology are an often the forgotten component of any farming system but they are one of the most important. A rise in the beneficial microbes in the soil increases the amount and types of mineral nutrients, antibiotics and enzymes provided to the plant roots. More nutrients increases plant production, root growth and eventually humus levels
Large and continuous applications of nitrogenous fertilisers like urea, MAP, DAP, ammonium nitrate, and anhydrous ammonia have resulted in the loss of a huge amount of the earth’s soil carbon reserves. This shows the huge speed at which we are burning through humus. This trend needs to urgently change
EMNZ visited one of its customers and their thriving Fodder Beet Crop
Green manure crops will offer a huge range of benefits to your soil and future crops. They are grown exclusively for the benefits and not for harvest or grazing. They are commonly used to improve the soil, for organic matter, nutrients or to control weeds.
This testimonial from one of our winery customers who uses EM in their waste water system, shows using EM has resulted in cleaner and clearer water, no sludge build up and also complete reduction of odour.
It is the time of year that many would have planted or be planting Fodder Crops ready for Autumn and Winter grazing/feeding.
Island Bay School in Wellington showcase some great Veges grown with EM
Waiheke Island Organic Gardener Claire Mummery showcases her great results with EM.
Mike Daly narrates a video showcasing the great turn around of an effluent pond using EM
Janette Perrett who recently featured in an episode of Topp Country is a EMNZ client. See the episode and a EM Testimonial about her experience using EM on her Dairy Farm
Foliar feeding is an effective method to deliver nutrients to plants through their leaves. Applying nutrients directly to the leaves disperses the nutrients throughout the plant more quickly. It’s often used to supplement plants grown in nutrient deficient soil or as a way to complement fertiliser program. ?
Bill Tenbrook Free Range Egg Producer from Matamata talks about his EM Experience. He begun using EM to reduce the odour and improve the health of the animals.
In this interview with Rob Flynn, Managing Director of Soil Matters. Soil Matters is a soil consultancy business based out of Canterbury but servicing NZ. They focus on utilising biological nutrients to enhance crop yields and animal performance. We have begun working with Soil Matters providing their customers with EM to further enhance the quality nutrient program they are implementing.
EMNZ customer Bernard Hall shares his experiences using EM (Effective Microorganisms) on his Lawn, in his Garden and also to remeidiate following the Earthquake
Microbial inoculants are soil amendments that can be added to your soil to improve the overall quality of your soil, as well as enhance the growth of strong and healthy plants. Microbial inoculants are a blend of microorganisms that work with the soil and the soil life to improve it's fertility and health.
We are currently running some germination trials to show the impact the EM has when applied at sowing.
EM as a standalone inoculant enhances N fixation in the soil and N production through the recycling of soil nutrients and organic matter. Another way EM can enhance N in your crops is through increasing the response of Urea.
Many in New Zealand have experienced drought this past summer. Drought is frequently responsible for reduced plant growth and both roots and aerial plant parts may be impacted. Ensuring that plants bounce back strongly following a climate event like a drought is very important but often easier said than done.
Using EM Animal this Calving will help ensure they get the best possible start and develop into a productive milker.
Rob Flynn from Soil Matters shows Paul Daly from EMNZ what he looks for when doing a Soil Assessment.
The aim of this trial was to test EM on Maize yield, and in particular compare a number of variations of EM. EM gave a significant and economic yield response when applied to a Maize Crop. EM-RTU, our standard recommended product for this application, was the best performing treatment.
In the below video we interview Annelies the Agropolis project coordinator. She explains what Agropolis is, the purpose of the initiative, their challenges and how EM and Bokashi are helping the project.
We caught up with successful organic Farmer Tim Chamberlain. We visit one of his farms, Harts Creek Farm in Canterbury. This Interview looks at his Farm - Harts Creek Farm, the History and what drives him.
There are many compounds both organic and inorganic that are largely unavailable to plants, in fact a lot of these compounds are nutrients we add in fertilisers and also organic matter recycling. This leads to wastage and nutrient leaching as they are not being used by the plants. However, microorganisms can solubilise these compounds and make them available for uptake by the plants root system.
In the below video Tim talks about his association with EMNZ and his EM use. Tims drive to use EM has always been centered around putting life back into his soil and enhancing the overall system.
Outstanding results for the second year running in our Fodder Beet trial showcasing a significant increase in Dry Matter yield and crop performance.
A video of Bernard Hall EMNZ customer about his experience using EM to enhance his compost and garden. Bernard has completely shunned using chemicals in his garden and uses EM and compost to provide all of the nutrients and soil health he needs with the additional bio-protection benefits. We also look at EM as a compost stimulant.
EM is a microbial inoculant that can be very beneficial to crops and plants with the introduction of beneficial micro-organisms.Research has demonstrated that applying nutrients through their leaves is a great way to increase micronutrients in plants to supplement deficiencies in the soil. At certain times of the day the stoma are open.
EM is a combination of beneficial microorganisms including Fungi but another bonus is the stimulation of other types of fungi in the soil. This includes Mycorrhizae and Tricoderma.
Outdoor ponds and water gardens are a beautiful addition to any backyard. If you live in a warm climate, a water feature can substantially lower the temperature in your yard, and there is nothing more relaxing than lounging outside and listening to the sound of water on a hot summer day. Keeping your pond water clear and pristine, however, is difficult
Livestock and Dairy operations can produce very high levels of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide. Nitrogen in food sources produces ammonia and hydrogen sulfide gases during digestion that is released into the air by livestock as the food passes through excretion. These gases cause an obvious unpleasant odor and can also lead to health problems and physical damage to animals, adversely affecting overal
Last week we had the opportunity to visit a client in North Canterbury who have recently trialed the use of EM on one of their blocks alongside some other quality biological fertiliser. The below photos show the power of biological inputs compared with conventional ones.
Nutrient dense food is the organic farmer’s Holy Grail. The key to achieving a nutrient dense harvest is making sure the plants have ready access to the nutrients themselves. This can be achieved by setting up the right ecology for your garden. If you are somewhat new to gardening, here are three highly effective strategies that you may not have considered.
Canterbury Farmer Russell Rudd discusses how he has used EM on his farm to aid organic matter breakdown, crop growth, and as a seed treatment on Maize, Fodder Beet and other Crops.
In a natural soil environment, a cooperative relationship exists between microbes and plants. Plants like grass, trees and food crops depend on microorganisms in the soil to obtain water, solubise nutrients, protect from pests and pathogens, prevent nutrient loss and break down compounds that could inhibit growth.
It is exciting times at EMNZ at the moment. We have over the years heard anecdotal evidence of our microbes cleaning troughs and improving water quality. Farmers are very passionate about the need for good, healthy clean stock water however these are few and far between. We believe that the productivity of dairy cows will increase significantly through improved stock water.
The value of adding in nutrient rich hummus, compost, and fertilizer to soils is widely known to be essential when starting a garden. But many don't understand that the soil is a complex, living ecosystem. This is an important concept to remember and use as part of your ongoing gardening philosophy.
For a quick how-to on best practices in building and maintaining an organic garden, follow the following six steps.
Microbial communities work in synergy to out-compete antagonistic communities of microbes. This is a balance between "positive" and "negative" microbes. Many microbial species (the good ones) kill or inhibit bacteria, fungi and nematodes (the bad ones) that attack the root systems important for the exchange of valuable nutrients in the soil through competitive exclusion.
EM is a natural solution that works by increasing the microbial diversity of the system. It works well on poor functions systems by inoculating them with a strong, live culture of microbes like those found in EM.
Microbes can be applied directly to soils and pastures in order to stimulate resident microbes and perform important roles in soil and pasture performance. Biological inputs come in a variety of forms including: Bio-fertilisers, Biological fertilisers, Brew Extracts and Formulated Microbial Brews
Compost is rich in nutrients, and it promotes soil microbes that aid plant growth. In a nutshell, compost is decomposed organic matter. Composting is a natural process of recycling organic material into a rich soil amendment.
Leaving a pasture ungrazed or fallowed offers one method for accelerating the build up of soil organic N and for returning organic matter to the soil. Fallowing is an ancient means for conserving soil moisture, building up soil humus and nutrient levels, controlling undesirable weeds and restoring or at best permitting break down of poorly structured soils.
Regular topping of your paddocks helps to improve the grass sward by encouraging young growth as well as stimulating new root development. It also prevents many of the undesirable plants such as docks, nettles and thistles from going to seed, thus reducing the number of these plants in the future.
We need diversity of species in our pastoral systems. This is very important because it this brings diverse root profiles to our underground ecosystem. Diverse roots bring diverse microbe populations and also bring increased efficiency in capturing volatile nutrients.
Low forage digestibility continues to limit the intake of available energy by ruminants. Studies have shown our inoculants have beneficial effects on cell wall constituents’ degradability and thus utilization of high fibre diets. Inclusion of a protein-rich feed ingredient in the formulation of ruminant rations enhances feed utilization.
Microorganisms in the digestive tracts of ruminant livestock have a profound influence on the conversion of feed into end-products which have a huge impact on the animal. By improving rumen function we can see benefits in production and the health and vitality of the animal.
The use of antibiotics in animal nutrition has become a important part of maintaining production levels and decreasing risk within the herd. The negative is that they stimulate development of resistance from harmful micro-organisms.
Using EM animal will increase the number of healthy bacteria in the animals system. This increase will also play a role in increasing volatile fatty acids. It will also enhance the immune system of the animal.
EM work by getting the natural processes to function, by stimulating biological activity in the soil. This will improve soil health and performance by enhancing the natural fertilising processes within the soil.
EM Animal and EM Silage have been shown to promote growth, improve efficiency of feed utilization, protect the host from intestinal infection and stimulate immune responses in farm animals. This translates to an increase in production and animal performance.
EM improves yield firstly through effective organic matter recycling which builds humus, the food for your soil and plants. It will also enhance fertiliser and nutrient breakdown in the soil and uptake by plants, will give improvements in nitrogen fixation and stimulate micorrhyzal activity.
More and more home gardeners are using organic practices with excellent results. The next logical step in gardening is to strive for sustainability. This is a philosophy aimed at the preservation of both healthy soil and precious resources. You want to grow organic crops that are good for your family, but you also want to take responsibility for the wellbeing of your land and family.
EM will help the decomposition process of organic materials, and during fermentation will produce normally unavailable organic acids, such as lactic acid, acetic acid, amino acid, malic acid and bioactive substances and vitamins.
When EM is applied to soil or plant leaf surfaces, the populations of photosynthetic bacteria and nitrogen fixing bacteria increase dramatically. The phenomenon is associated with the growth of more vigorous plants, higher plant yields and improved crop quality compared with no EM treatment.
Use EM as a foliar spray to increase growth and maintain the health in your plants. Research has demonstrated that applying nutrients through their leaves is a great way to increase micronutrients in plants to supplement deficiencies in the soil. EM can be applied the same way and mixed with plant nutrients for enhanced foliar fertilisation.
EMNZ is excited to announce that it has become a Ruralco supplier. Ruralco is a farmer co-operatiive with the purpose of reducing farm input costs and increasing on-farm productivity, performance, profitability and sustainability.
EMNZ products have a positive effect on soil fertility, creating an environment where a seed is more likely to germinate and thrive. This significantly increases the number of germinated seeds. It will also influence root growth positively which has an important role in nutrient uptake and the growth of the plant. In legumes, we see an increase in nodulation with applications of EM at sowing.
The microbes in EM will solubilise compounds both organic and inorganic that are largely unavailable to plants and make them available for uptake by the plants root system allowing the plant to put more energy into growth. In performing this important function the Microbes create a more efficient use of added nutrients, generating a better growth response from fertiliser inputs.
This was an on farm trial run by Mike Daly - EMNZ to monitor the effect of EM on Fodder beet Yield. Fodder Beet is potentially the highest yielding winter forage options available to farmers currently; it is for this reason that we decided to trial using EM technology on a Fodder Beet Crop in Mid Canterbury.
These days, it seems like you have to sell your dietary soul to eat cheaply. Fresh fruits and vegetables can be costly...unless you grow your own! Yes, by establishing a "survival garden" loaded with all sorts of enduring fruits and vegetables, you can not only weather a financial storm, but a literal one as well.
A recent on farm trial on the west coast showed EM's ability to reduce soil compaction. EM does this through....
PGR’s are hormones, and have an important role in plant growth. Plant hormones are produced naturally by plants and are essential for regulating their own growth. They act by controlling or modifying plant growth processes, such as formation of leaves and flowers, elongation of stems, development and ripening of fruit. This table shows which microorganisms in EM produce PGRs.
EM has many substances that improve root structures and enhance plant performance. This post looks at some examples where EM has been used to enhance the root structures of soyabean and clover crops.
A Tribute by Mike Daly on the passing of Dr Ravi Sangakkara Dr. Ravi Sangakkara passed away after failing to recover from an accident and subsequent heart attack. I first met Ravi at a large Organic Farming Conference in Brazil in 1992. Ravi presented a paper on Micro-organisms and their effect on plant growth and soil improvement.
Did you know that you can combine EM with roundup when sowing a new pasture. This is the end result of a trial we ran with a farmer showing the effectiveness of EM in pasture renovation.
The applications of Effective Micro-Organisms (EM) in dairy farming are numerous. The areas that we can influence positively with EM are: 1. Reduction of fertiliser inputs whilst maintaining production levels 2. Reduction of nitrogen leaching and volatilisation 3. Reduction of methane and greenhouse gas emissions from the environment including animals 4. Increase in clover production
The EMNZ team recently went on a tour of some European countries who have companies doing great things with EM. We are pleased to report that it was very successful and we have returned with many great ideas for delivering a better all round product range and service.
Welcome to the darkest month of the Year. June is the first month of winter and although it is generally warmer than July we do get the occasional wet spell or frosty morning. The days are short and dreary which doesn’t promote enthusiasm to do much outside in your spare time, not that there is all that much too do in the garden.
Don’t miss your chance to see an internationally renowned speaker near you. Dr Ravi Sangakkara will be visiting the upper North Island in early June to give a series of seminars on how our communities can grow healthy food sustainably while also reducing waste and our carbon footprint.
Inconjuntion with ZingBokashi, EMNZ is proud to be supporting the Agropolis urban farming initiative. Specifically we are sharing our knowledge with the community group on composting and using EM to enhance their urban farm.
We hope you are enjoying the change of season. Autumn is a fantastic season for the home gardener with crisp air, and long days, it is ideal for the jobs that need doing following summer. Autumn is a great time for planting a new lawn, planting trees and shrubs, and of course planting the vegetable garden for winter.
Right about now is the perfect time to take all of that grape marc that is generated by a vineyard during harvest and convert it into a high energy and nutrient dense compost using our product Effective Microorganisms (EM).
EM is a product with a multitude of benefits, many of which are discussed and implemented all around the world. One of the most underrated benefits is its ability to make fertiliser more effective or as we like to say enhancing fertiliser efficacy.
Are Microbes the Key to Solving the Environmental Issues posed by Intensive Farming? A presentation by Mike Daly
This is a brief overview of the presentation Mike Daly is doing at this months Biological farmers conference.
Mycorrhizal fungi form relationships with over 95% of plant species. They surround and even enter the roots of these plants, and provide nutrients such as phosphorus (and even nitrogen) and water to plants in exchange for carbohydrates, usually sugars.
At this time of the New Year we are seeing peak growing periods for many of our favourite fruit and vegetables. Microorganisms still play a vital role in ensuring the health, strength and productivity of a plant.
Following on from our post about establishing fodder crops , this post looks at how to maintain fodder crops to maximise the potential yield and improve plant health. Fodder crops have become particularly important as they allow farmers to extend the grazing season, and be more self-sufficient in home-grown feed and fodder.
EMNZ is proud to be a silver sponsor for the upcoming the second national conference on biological farming systems, which will be held on 20-21 February 2014 in Rydges Hotel Rotorua.
Instead of chemicals that can harm the environment, and even pose risks to the people enjoying their perfect lawn, an organic microbial inoculant known the world over as EM, deliver the same results with residual benefits to your garden. Our EM1 Garden is a blend of beneficial microorganisms that helps to create an optimal soil environment for a healthy, attractive lawn.
It is easy to focus on the amazing benefits EM offers as a soil and plant inoculant and forget that it has many other uses that can be beneficial around the farm, garden or household. Using EM to make silage is one of the most beneficial of these applications.
Growing fodder crops has become very popular in spring to allow farmers to extend the grazing season, and be more self-sufficient in home-grown feed and fodder, resulting in less off-farm expenditures and potentially greater monetary returns for small and large producers. It is also a large part of dairy support farms plans. EM can play an integral part in establishing successful crops.
By using understorey management techniques you can reduce the impact disease has in your vineyard while also reducing the amount of chemicals and fungicides that are put into your most precious commodity, the soil. The key to all of this is increasing the population of beneficial microbes and bacteria in the biological system.
In most cases when it comes to dead, tough soil you can safely say that it once supported plant life. A combination of harsh pesticides, irresponsible irrigation methods, synthetic fertilizers and the death of microbial life has most likely led to barren ground that will not support plants, flowers or vegetables. Fortunately, these conditions are reversible by using EM and or Compost.
Winter is coming to an end and spring is almost here. It is an exciting time of year for much of the country, as the vineyards start to develop their full canopy and transform the manicured vineyards in the Hawkes Bay, Marlbourough and Central Otago to name a few, into a picturesque landscape. Use microbes to help improve the health and vitality of your vines.
The sight of rich soil, moist and crumbly, free of weeds and ready to plant is a sight to behold for most gardeners. With the right products like compost, manure, fertiliser and a bio stimulant like EM you can have fertile soil, ready to grow great yields during the warmer months.
Agricultural production begins with photosynthesis - the conversion of solar energy into chemical form. It’s an amazing process, but not a particularly efficient one. Even rapid growing plants like corn and sugar cane only fix a maximum of six to seven percent of the sun’s energy. One way to increase the amount of energy fixed, is by adding microbes.
Composting is nature’s way of recycling, producing free soil improver and stopping biodegradable waste reaching landfill sites. The value of a good compost is very high and will help your soil quality immeasurably, the main problem people have though is odour. The lengthy composting time or they can’t get the right balance or ‘starter’ to ignite the composting process.
EM is a soil activator and improves soil structure, organic matter management, and nutrient cycling. This in turn compliments efforts to reduce reliance on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Establishing EM in soil ultimately results in increased profitability and sustainability. The goal of EMNZ is to promote the use of EM to put biology back into our soils.
One of the issues on farms that have high stocking rates of the same animal class is internal parasites. This is a common problem on small blocks that have horses. Often the stocking rate is high, and the pasture management is not high, fertility management is often non existent, pastures are old and as a result animal health issues develop.
The uniqueness of microorganisms and their often unpredictable nature and biosynthetic capabilities, given a specific set of environmental and cultural conditions, has made them likely candidates for solving particularly difficult problems in the life sciences and other fields as well. This includes trials showing microbes positively impacting agricultural applications including pasture growth
Winemakers and Vineyard managers are in part “microbiologists”. By their different management options on the Vineyard, they can have significant affects on microbial populations, reducing or increasing the balance of good and bad bugs, by their choice of options. EM (effective microorganisms) is a technology that will increase the balance of good microbes to aid soil fertility and composting.
Over the years we have steadily fallen into bad habits regarding fertiliser application. Underestimating the power of the soil, farmers have accepted the necessity of using manure or chemical fertilisers to improve the yield of their crops/pasture. As a result soil has degenerated and its generative power has been significantly downgraded. Using EM can help to downgrade the effect of fertiliser.