The ability for microorganisms to produce and release various metabolites stimulating plant growth and favourable health is considered to an important factor in soil fertility.
Until more recently than most agricultural experts would like to admit, we thought of the soil as nothing more than a matrix to hold plants and minerals. But due to a few ground-breaking scientists, like EM founder Prof Dr Terou Higa, we have a better understanding of the bacteria and fungi that make up our microbiome, leading to breakthroughs in soil science. These breakthroughs have shown us
As we enter autumn there are a whole host of ways EM can be used to enhance your soil and boost performance in crops and pasture. It is a great time to give your soil a bit of TLC, whether you are planting autumn crops, breaking down crop residues, looking to boost your soil or help it recover or looking to enhance an existing crop, EM can help.
Lactobacilli or Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) are found in the gut and on the skin of all living organisms. They are found in every soil and on every leaf surface. Their abundance signals their importance. Ferments containing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been used for decades in agricultural systems to improve soils, control disease and promote plant growth.
One of the major groups of Beneficial’s in EM includes a unique group of photosynthesising bacteria often referred to as Photosynthetic bacteria or Purple Non-Sulfur Bacteria (PNSB). These organisms can operate on the phyllosphere (leaf surface) and the rhizosphere (area around the roots).
A soils bulk density plays a huge role in determining the effectiveness of the soil and the future productivity of a farming operation. Bulk density reflects the soil’s ability to function for structural support, water and nutrient and microbial life movement, and soil aeration. In NZ many farms have seen there soils bulk densities increase over time decreasing soil productivity
EM is carbon builder rather than a carbon burner as such it can have a dramatic impact like all soil microbes on Carbon Sequestration. Using EM in soils increases organic matter, fertile topsoil is rich in soil organic matter. Soil organic matter (SOM) is formed by the biological, chemical and physical decay of organic materials on the surface and below the soil.
Healthy nutrient dense and microbial rich soils produce more food and are more resilient to climate fluctuations and the impact the intensive farming has on our soils and crops. Many famrers are now looking at ways to create these healthy soil environments in sustainable ways without an overuse of synthetic fertilisers.
An in-depth look at Bokashi in New Zealand. Farmer Tim Hawke shows us how he is making a difference in New Zealand by using waste products to enhance the soil on his farm. We speak to EMNZ who make the key ingredient and a Soil Consultant who talks about how Bokashi has improved the farm.
The threat of soil compaction is greater today than in the past because of the dramatic increase in factors such as stock density/stocking rate, heavy tillage and poor crop rotations, an increase in the size of farm equipment and the changing climate.
Yield successes and failures start in the soil. With a healthy fertile seed bed, germination can be enhanced and root development can be boosted. When root development is inhibited, the climb toward high yields and healthy plants can be a long, uphill battle. EM enhances plant roots increasing both the number and density of root hairs. It does this through the unique combination of microbes
17 essential nutrients for healthy plant growth have been identified. We often talk about the macro elements e.g. NPK but the smaller trace elements (or microelements) can often be treated as an afterthought. However it is often the case that they provide the key to how well the other nutrients are used and how well the plant grows, develops and yields. EM helps to enhance uptake of TE
These pictures indicate a soil full of active microbial life. This is the conclusion of a trial performed by a soil consultant in Waikato. The block this trial was performed on was a pasture which had sparse pasture and the soil consultant observed that the soil lacked life and smelled slightly anaerobic. Another issue was large amounts of organic matter in the soil that wasn’t breaking down.
Mark Nichols a Beef and Dairy Farmer from Northland talks to Tony Johnston, Avoca field rep and EMNZ about his experiences with Fertiliser and Biology
Janette Perrett who recently featured in an episode of Topp Country is a EMNZ client. See the episode and a EM Testimonial about her experience using EM on her Dairy Farm
In this interview with Rob Flynn, Managing Director of Soil Matters. Soil Matters is a soil consultancy business based out of Canterbury but servicing NZ. They focus on utilising biological nutrients to enhance crop yields and animal performance. We have begun working with Soil Matters providing their customers with EM to further enhance the quality nutrient program they are implementing.
EM as a standalone inoculant enhances N fixation in the soil and N production through the recycling of soil nutrients and organic matter. Another way EM can enhance N in your crops is through increasing the response of Urea.
Many in New Zealand have experienced drought this past summer. Drought is frequently responsible for reduced plant growth and both roots and aerial plant parts may be impacted. Ensuring that plants bounce back strongly following a climate event like a drought is very important but often easier said than done.
We caught up with successful organic Farmer Tim Chamberlain. We visit one of his farms, Harts Creek Farm in Canterbury. This Interview looks at his Farm - Harts Creek Farm, the History and what drives him.
There are many compounds both organic and inorganic that are largely unavailable to plants, in fact a lot of these compounds are nutrients we add in fertilisers and also organic matter recycling. This leads to wastage and nutrient leaching as they are not being used by the plants. However, microorganisms can solubilise these compounds and make them available for uptake by the plants root system.
In the below video Tim talks about his association with EMNZ and his EM use. Tims drive to use EM has always been centered around putting life back into his soil and enhancing the overall system.
EM is a microbial inoculant that can be very beneficial to crops and plants with the introduction of beneficial micro-organisms.Research has demonstrated that applying nutrients through their leaves is a great way to increase micronutrients in plants to supplement deficiencies in the soil. At certain times of the day the stoma are open.
Last week we had the opportunity to visit a client in North Canterbury who have recently trialed the use of EM on one of their blocks alongside some other quality biological fertiliser. The below photos show the power of biological inputs compared with conventional ones.
Microbes can be applied directly to soils and pastures in order to stimulate resident microbes and perform important roles in soil and pasture performance. Biological inputs come in a variety of forms including: Bio-fertilisers, Biological fertilisers, Brew Extracts and Formulated Microbial Brews
Leaving a pasture ungrazed or fallowed offers one method for accelerating the build up of soil organic N and for returning organic matter to the soil. Fallowing is an ancient means for conserving soil moisture, building up soil humus and nutrient levels, controlling undesirable weeds and restoring or at best permitting break down of poorly structured soils.
Regular topping of your paddocks helps to improve the grass sward by encouraging young growth as well as stimulating new root development. It also prevents many of the undesirable plants such as docks, nettles and thistles from going to seed, thus reducing the number of these plants in the future.
We need diversity of species in our pastoral systems. This is very important because it this brings diverse root profiles to our underground ecosystem. Diverse roots bring diverse microbe populations and also bring increased efficiency in capturing volatile nutrients.
EM work by getting the natural processes to function, by stimulating biological activity in the soil. This will improve soil health and performance by enhancing the natural fertilising processes within the soil.
EM improves yield firstly through effective organic matter recycling which builds humus, the food for your soil and plants. It will also enhance fertiliser and nutrient breakdown in the soil and uptake by plants, will give improvements in nitrogen fixation and stimulate micorrhyzal activity.
When EM is applied to soil or plant leaf surfaces, the populations of photosynthetic bacteria and nitrogen fixing bacteria increase dramatically. The phenomenon is associated with the growth of more vigorous plants, higher plant yields and improved crop quality compared with no EM treatment.
EMNZ products have a positive effect on soil fertility, creating an environment where a seed is more likely to germinate and thrive. This significantly increases the number of germinated seeds. It will also influence root growth positively which has an important role in nutrient uptake and the growth of the plant. In legumes, we see an increase in nodulation with applications of EM at sowing.
The microbes in EM will solubilise compounds both organic and inorganic that are largely unavailable to plants and make them available for uptake by the plants root system allowing the plant to put more energy into growth. In performing this important function the Microbes create a more efficient use of added nutrients, generating a better growth response from fertiliser inputs.
This was an on farm trial run by Mike Daly - EMNZ to monitor the effect of EM on Fodder beet Yield. Fodder Beet is potentially the highest yielding winter forage options available to farmers currently; it is for this reason that we decided to trial using EM technology on a Fodder Beet Crop in Mid Canterbury.
A recent on farm trial on the west coast showed EM's ability to reduce soil compaction. EM does this through....
PGR’s are hormones, and have an important role in plant growth. Plant hormones are produced naturally by plants and are essential for regulating their own growth. They act by controlling or modifying plant growth processes, such as formation of leaves and flowers, elongation of stems, development and ripening of fruit. This table shows which microorganisms in EM produce PGRs.
EM has many substances that improve root structures and enhance plant performance. This post looks at some examples where EM has been used to enhance the root structures of soyabean and clover crops.
Did you know that you can combine EM with roundup when sowing a new pasture. This is the end result of a trial we ran with a farmer showing the effectiveness of EM in pasture renovation.
The applications of Effective Micro-Organisms (EM) in dairy farming are numerous. The areas that we can influence positively with EM are: 1. Reduction of fertiliser inputs whilst maintaining production levels 2. Reduction of nitrogen leaching and volatilisation 3. Reduction of methane and greenhouse gas emissions from the environment including animals 4. Increase in clover production
The EMNZ team recently went on a tour of some European countries who have companies doing great things with EM. We are pleased to report that it was very successful and we have returned with many great ideas for delivering a better all round product range and service.
EM is a product with a multitude of benefits, many of which are discussed and implemented all around the world. One of the most underrated benefits is its ability to make fertiliser more effective or as we like to say enhancing fertiliser efficacy.
Are Microbes the Key to Solving the Environmental Issues posed by Intensive Farming? A presentation by Mike Daly
This is a brief overview of the presentation Mike Daly is doing at this months Biological farmers conference.
Mycorrhizal fungi form relationships with over 95% of plant species. They surround and even enter the roots of these plants, and provide nutrients such as phosphorus (and even nitrogen) and water to plants in exchange for carbohydrates, usually sugars.